How can I see what processes are running?

  • I use Ubuntu Server 10.10 and I would like to see what processes are running. I know that PostgreSQL is running on my machine but I can not see it with the top or ps commands, so I assume that they aren't showing all of the running processes. Is there another command which will show all running processes or is there any other parameters I can use with top or ps for this?

  • Steven D

    Steven D Correct answer

    10 years ago

    From the ps man page:

    -e Select all processes. Identical to -A.

    Thus, ps -e will display all of the processes. The common options for "give me everything" are ps -ely or ps aux, the latter is the BSD-style. Often, people then pipe this output to grep to search for a process, as in xenoterracide's answer. In order to avoid also seeing grep itself in the output, you will often see something like:

     ps -ef | grep [f]oo
    

    where foo is the process name you are looking for.

    However, if you are looking for a particular process, I recommend using the pgrep command if it is available. I believe it is available on Ubuntu Server. Using pgrep means you avoid the race condition mentioned above. It also provides some other features that would require increasingly complicated grep trickery to replicate. The syntax is simple:

    pgrep foo
    

    where foo is the process for which you are looking. By default, it will simply output the Process ID (PID) of the process, if it finds one. See man pgrep for other output options. I found the following page very helpful:

    http://mywiki.wooledge.org/ProcessManagement

    I wonder what percentage of people use `ps` without knowing the flags. I just throw `aux` at it always; I have no idea what the individual flags actually control

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Content dated before 6/26/2020 9:53 AM