How can I instruct yum to install a specific version of package X?

  • If there are two (or more) versions of a given RPM available in a YUM repository, how can I instruct yum to install the version I want?

    Looking through the Koji build service I notice that there are several versions.

        ss #1

  • slm

    slm Correct answer

    6 years ago

    To see what particular versions are available to you via yum you can use the --showduplicates switch . It gives you a list like "package name.architecture     version":

    $ yum --showduplicates list httpd | expand
    Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks, refresh-packagekit
    Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
     * fedora: mirror.steadfast.net
    
    Available Packages
    httpd.x86_64                        2.4.6-6.fc20                         fedora 
    httpd.x86_64                        2.4.10-1.fc20                        updates
    

    As far as installing a particular version? You can append the version info to the name of the package, removing the architecture name, like so:

    $ sudo yum install <package name>-<version info>
    

    For example in this case if I wanted to install the older version, 2.4.6-6 I'd do the following:

    $ sudo yum install httpd-2.4.6-6
    

    You can also include the release info when specifying a package. In this case since I'm dealing with Fedora 20 (F20) the release info would be "fc20", and the architecture info too.

    $ sudo yum install httpd-2.4.6-6.fc20
    $ sudo yum install httpd-2.4.6-6.fc20.x86_64
    

    repoquery

    If you're ever unsure that you're constructing the arguments right you can consult with repoquery too.

    $ sudo yum install yum-utils  # (to get `repoquery`)
    $ repoquery --show-duplicates httpd-2.4*
    httpd-0:2.4.6-6.fc20.x86_64
    httpd-0:2.4.10-1.fc20.x86_64
    

    downloading & installing

    You can also use one of the following options to download a particular RPM from the web, and then use yum to install it.

    $ yum --downloadonly <package>
    -or-
    $ yumdownloader <package>
    

    And then install it like so:

    $ sudo yum localinstall <path to rpm>
    

    What if I want to download everything that package X requires?

    $ yumdownloader --resolve <package>
    

    Example

    $ yumdownloader --resolve vim-X11
    Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit
    Adding en_US to language list
    --> Running transaction check
    ---> Package vim-X11.x86_64 2:7.3.315-1.fc14 set to be reinstalled
    --> Finished Dependency Resolution
    vim-X11-7.3.315-1.fc14.x86_64.rpm                              | 1.1 MB     00:01
    

    Notice it's doing a dependency check, and then downloading the missing pieces. See my answer that covers it in more details here: How to download a file from repo, and install it later w/o internet connection?.

    References

    I don't think it work for packages between the latest version located `@updates` and the initial version for the OS located `@fedora`. For example if you try to install `httpd-2.4.8-1`, `yum` would say package not available.

    @QuestionOverflow - not following. That version doesn't show as being available in the repo.

    Let me try again with a real example from my yum log. `python-libs-2.7.5-12.fc20.x86_64` was once installed on my computer but has since been replaced. Assuming now I want to install this specific package, `yumdownloader python-libs-2.7.5-12*` would say `No Match for argument python-libs-2.7.5-12* Nothing to download`. What I am trying to say is that once a new package arrive, the old one would no longer be accessible from yum. You can only install the latest package or the initial version, but not versions in between.

    @QuestionOverflow - In that scenario I think you have to use `yum downgrade ...` if the package was already installed and you're attempting to go back to it later. In my Q I was attempting to show how one would hand select a particular version of a package that hadn't been installed yet. http://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/Fedora/14/html/Software_Management_Guide/ch05s06s03.html

    No, it doesn't work even when upgrading to a specific package. I have experimented this with a fresh installation just a few days ago. You can only yum update to the latest package and not any version you desire.

    @QuestionOverflow - I'm not using `yum update`, I used `yum install`.

    Yes, it applies to yum install too. I got a list of installed programs with `rpm -qa | sort > installed`. Then after setting up the OS on my test server, I did `yum install $(cat /tmp/installed)`. Some of the packages did not get installed because they are no longer available.

    @QuestionOverflow - in my scenario of this Q I'm installing package X which had never been installed before. We actually just used this method for my day job so I know that this whole thing worked in that scenario. Let me think about how to incorporate the scenario of "packageX was already installed" into this Q. I might rephrase the Q so that it's more specific to cut out your particular point.

    I am not sure how it is possible to install an older version of a package using yum even when you have not installed the package previously. I thought the mirror @updates do not keep older versions of the same software. Am I missing some repository?

    @QuestionOverflow - in my 20+ years of using RH (RPM + YUM) I'd generally discourage you from ever doing a `rpm -qa | sort > /tmp/installed` and then trying to replay that list into a new server. That's just not the appropriate way to make use of `rpm` or `yum`, IMO.

    Ok, what do you suggest is the proper way to get the same packages installed?

    @QuestionOverflow - I answered that Q before, at least have memories of it here. Search for it, I will as well, but it's 4:30am in the morning where I live and I'm trying to go to bed now 8-).

    Wow, you sleep late. Ook, good night.

    @QuestionOverflow - no I have kids and will be woken up at 7-7:30am 8-). I generally don't sleep a lot, hence why I'm always here.

    @QuestionOverflow - there's this Q too that could use some updating with the method shown in the other Q, if you're looking for something to do 8-) http://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/71/duplicating-a-linux-installation-yum-based

    @slm - this worked great for httpd, but didn't work when I tried to install a specific version of OpenJDK using `yum install java-1.7.0-openjdk-devel-1:1.7.0.65-2.5.1.2.el6_5`. Is it due to the hyphens in the package name?

    @coderplus I think you need to omit the `1:` prefix from the version string.

    In my case yum didn't accept version with the release, e. g. `yum install MariaDB-server-10.3.5-1` **did not work** while `yum install MariaDB-server-10.3.5` **worked** well.

    if you have the package installed and want to install a previous version of the package - `yum install` won't work, `yum downgrade` should be used instead.

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Content dated before 6/26/2020 9:53 AM