How to interpret F- and p-value in ANOVA?
I am new to statistics and I currently deal with ANOVA. I carry out an ANOVA test in R using
aov(dependendVar ~ IndependendVar)
I get – among others – an F-value and a p-value.
My null hypothesis ($H_0$) is that all group means are equal.
There is a lot of information available on how F is calculated, but I don't know how to read an F-statistic and how F and p are connected.
So, my questions are:
- How do I determine the critical F-value for rejecting $H_0$?
- Does each F have a corresponding p-value, so they both mean basically the same? (e.g., if $p<0.05$, then $H_0$ is rejected)
Have you tried the commands `summary(aov(dependendVar ~ IndependendVar)))` or `summary(lm(dependendVar ~ IndependendVar))`? Do you mean all the group means are equal to each other and equal to 0 or just to each other?
yes, I did try the `summary(aov...)`. Thanks for the `lm.*`, did not know about this :-) I don't get what you mean by equal to 0. If that's short for my 0-Hypothesis than the Hypothesis would need a value, and I did not test on specific one, so in this case: just to each other!
To answer your questions:
It is not meaningful to talk about one- or two-way comparisons in an omnibus test such as the F-test.