How do I change/recover my password?

  • I have made several personal configuration changes to a Raspbian Wheezy install (more secure ssh, personal configurations, etc). It's been a couple weeks since I last touched it, and I completely forgot the password to login. What should I do?

  • loeschg

    loeschg Correct answer

    8 years ago

    Right off the bat, let me say that there is not a way to recover a password (without some actual cracking/hacking which I don't know how to do). Resetting your password is your best bet.

    So the first step will be to determine if you have any way to log in to the Raspbery Pi.

    If you're able to log in with a user that has 'sudo' rights (this includes SSH... perhaps you have keys set up properly but forgot the actual user password, which I ran in to), simply typing:

    sudo passwd
    

    should prompt you to create a new password (without having to enter your current password).

    Another option would be to run the starting config and change the password that way.

    sudo raspi-config
    

    If you're completely locked out, you can try the technique mentioned here, though I didn't have any success with the strategy. It just kept me from finishing booting up the RPi.

    I haven't found any good techniques to enable root access period (putting the conversation of why you'd even want to do that aside :) ), let alone if you can't log in. Somebody can correct me if I'm wrong.

    Hopefully this will save you from blowing away an image with a fresh one. If this saves one person, figure it's worth the time to post :)

    Strangely 'sudo pwd' did not work for me (additional permissions needed?), but interactive sudo 'sudo -i' session and then just pwd did work. So thanks for help

    @user14087 It should be `passwd`, not `pwd`. Updated answer to show this.

    *"without some actual cracking/hacking"* -- In fact there's no way to do that either beyond random guessing (aka. brute force); passwords are not stored on the system. Only a one-way hash of them is (emphasis on **one-way**).

    The questioner probably wants to reset the password for the account "pi". If you have forgotten that password, but have SSH key access, logon and use this command: `sudo passwd pi` If you omit the "pi", you will be changing the password for the root account.

  • Mount the SD card, go into the file system, and edit /etc/passwd. Find the line starting with "pi" that begins like this:

    pi:x:1000:1000...
    

    Get rid of the x; leave the colons on either side. This will eliminate the need for a password.

    You probably then want to create a new password by using the passwd command after you log in.

    this method worked very well, thank you - changing the encrypted password to `*` didn't work, and the adding a `init=/bin/sh` method was useless... +1

    I can not say if this method worked in the passed but it certainly does not work now.

    This worked for me. RPi3B+ Raspbian 9.4 (stretch)

    This didn't work for me. However, a simple solution was just to add my client's public ssh key into the mounted pi's sd card's /home/pi/.ssh/authorized_keys. Then it is possible to ssh in and run passwd as normal

  • If you have physical access to the pi, look at these instructions. Essentially, mount the SD card using a different machine and edit cmdline.txt to include (at the end) init=/bin/sh. Then, run the following commands:

    mount -o remount,rw /
    passwd pi
    (enter a new password)
    sync
    exec /sbin/init
    

    Thanks for the info. I'm using Raspbmc and this was the only solution that worked for me.

  • As Jamie Cox commented in one answer and what actually worked for my problem, you might want to change the password for the pi user, so type

    sudo passwd pi
    

    otherwise you are just changing the password for root.

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