Stopping water from bubbling over when cooking rice
Every time I cook brown rice (in a traditional pot, or in my new rice cooker), large bubbles form and spill over the sides. How can I prevent this?
I found this question, but wasn't able to draw useful advice from the answers.
As a side note, I don't think I used too much water - the rice was cooked exactly how I like it in the rice cooker, and there was no water left over. Also, the brown rice was purchased in bulk from a health food store, and was not soaked or rinsed ahead of time.
I've never had my rice boil over when using my rice cooker -- are you sure you're using the right amounts of rice and water? (2:1 for water:rice usually)
Start rinsing your brown rice. I rinse 3X. The dust that forms when rice is milled, or rubbed in bags during shipping, stabilizes the bubbles from boiling. Get rid of the dust, and the foam goes away in a timely, and less messy fashion.
You've stated that you're not washing the rice. That's the reason this is happening.
Water boils over because of starch. Many types of rice (brown rice included) can be very starchy, and this could conceivably cause the water to boil over depending on the amount of rice/water and the size of the pan (or rice cooker).
Washing the rice also helps to prevent the grains from sticking together, so you would want to do this anyway (unless you are actually trying to make sticky rice).
It's very simple to wash the rice; just keep adding and straining out cold water until the water runs clear. You'll probably be surprised at how much starch actually washes off. If you do this, your water should stop boiling over - regardless of temperature.
What is the nutritional impact of doing this, though? I hadn't been washing the rice so as to keep all its nutrients intact.
@Dov: Not much? It's just loose starch. The bulk of the starch is still inside the grain and besides, starch is not known as one of the most nutritious things to eat. I really would not worry about the nutritional impact; presumably if you're eating rice, most of your nutrition is already coming from whatever the rice is served *with*.
@Dov the other impact of not washing your rice before cooking it is that often, rice is *dirty*. Dried-on-the-side-of-the-highway dirty.
Rice retailed in the developed world is not "dried-on-the-side-of-the-highway dirty". It would be illegal to sell it in such a state.
@slim: Even in the developed word, *B.cereus* is not uncommon. Wash your rice and cook it properly!
@Aaronut *B. Cereus* infection is more to do with leaving cooked rice at room temperature for hours.
@slim: It's only associated with that because cooking rice doesn't usually kill it, and adds moisture that allows it to breed. Room temperature isn't necessary, and it's been documented to happen with properly-stored (refrigerated) cooked rice that simply hasn't been reheated sufficiently. Cooking doesn't *introduce* the bacteria, it has to be there beforehand. Rice and other grains aren't as safe as you appear to believe. They're not as dangerous as raw meat, but they're not sterile either.
@Dov, my understanding is that white rice (which I haven't made personally in 10 years or so) in the US tends to be fortified with a vitamin powder, and that rinsing before cooking washes all that away. I believe that unpolished / brown rice is not fortified and can be rinsed without losing anything.
the reason why it's boiling over is because it's getting too hot.
either tilt the lid of the pot a little bit so that some of the steam can escape (reducing the pressure, and thereby reducing the temperature) or (as another suggested) turning the heat down a little bit.
Won't that cause the rice to cook at a different rate, though? I thought it's the pressure that really cooks it. Also, with the rice cooker, which I'm fond of using, I can't turn the heat down.
I reckon this problem can be down to various things, but I thought the solution that worked for me might be worth sharing.
I was using a cheap rice cooker, was washing the rice first, using the correct rice/water ratio, and wasn't over-filling or under-filling the cooker, but still it made a mess of the counter.
What I observed was the mess wasn't coming from the vent hole, but that the steam was lifting the lid, and starchy water would coat the rim of the cooker, when the lid dropped, it spattered the water - a tiny spray, but happening constantly, causing the mess.
I figured the rice-cooker lid wasn't heavy enough, so I tried a cook with a large heavy mug inverted over the handle, to weigh it down. Immediately I got a good strong jet of (clean) steam out of the vent, which I wasn't getting before. The lid no longer rattled, and there was no mess at all, not a drop.
I've since done the same a few times, and haven't had a mess.
Of course, it depends on exactly how your cooker is making a mess, but this worked for me, so it might be worth a try; especially if you are aware that your lid is rattling all through the cook.
Is it not possible to turn the gas down a notch when it starts overflowing?
As another option, you can use a pot with higher sides.
Often it's hard to patiently watch it and catch it right when it starts boiling - you could either use a timer to remind yourself, or turn the heat partway down when it's partway to boiling.
I cook a lot of rice and whether I'm doing brown rice or white rice, the formula is basically the same. I don't have a rice cooker, so I have to do everything on the stove. For whatever amount of rice, I put just enough water in so my pointer finger is touching the top of the rice and the water is at my first knuckle. I boil the water on high and then as soon as it starts to boil, I turn the stove down to low. I have an electric stove where the element is a solid, so it retains heat frustratingly well. My solution for that is to move the pot partially off the element, so it's not getting as much of an intense heat when it should be on low.
The pot I use also has a hole for steam to escape, so you can simulate that with a skewer or chopstick propping it open. White rice is generally done in about 10-15 minutes, brown rice a fair bit longer.
Essentially the main key is to lower the temperature of the stove sooner/quicker.
That used to happen to me, also, using my Aroma 14 cup rice cooker, brown rice setting, and the recommended double the water for each 1/4 cup serving of rice. I agree, there was nothing wrong with the rice - it tasted great and still does. What I did was started lining the bottom and the sides of the pan with cooking spray before beginning. No need to overdo it - a few short sprays will do. I unexpectedly solved that problem, in addition to making the pan easier to clean, which is the problem that I was trying to solved.
Rice has been a staple in my family as long as I can remember so I've had a lot of experience cooking it on the stove and with various cookers. Basically (if you know your water:rice ratio is correct) the only way to keep rice from boiling over is to either reduce the heat or tip the lid open crack.
Recently my daughter bought a Tatung Mini rice cooker and was frustrated because it boiled over every time no matter what she did, so I "borrowed" it for some experimenting and discovered that this cooker is just extremely HOT! With no way to reduce the heat, I cracked open the lid which cured the boiling over problem. After boiling, the rice is supposed to stand on the warm setting for about 15 minutes to finish, but this cooker is so hot the warm setting burns it on the bottom. My solution is to unplug it as soon as it switches to warm, then let it stand while the rice finishes. Doing this we get beautiful rice every time.
If using a rice maker, you can also spritz with some cooking spray once it is foaming.
I usually rinse well, and with white rice rinsing is often enough. However, I was cooking barley in my rice cooker and it kept foaming over. After reading this thread I sprayed the top with a bit of canola oil and it stopped right away. Yay!
This could be caused by your water quality. My experience is that water direct from a water softener causes the biggest amount of foaming. Using hard water, bottled water, or water from a reverse-osmosis filtered water solved my problems. If you like to wash your rice before cooking, you should also wash only it only in these types of water. Don't let the rice touch the water from the softener.
It is the same reason that it is hard to remove the soap residue from your hands when washing them in softened water.